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The Me Decade
Girls And Boys

Woman's Rights in the 1970's

             The 1970's was a decade, for woman, of struggle for equal rights. The battle in side the household also strengthened. The amount of divorces increased in the 1970's.

             The struggle began in 1926. In this year, Alice Paul first proposed the Equal Rights Amendment. The Amendment stated: "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on the account of sex." The proposal was refused and the matter was not brought up again until 1970.

               In 1970 U.S. representative, Martha Griffiths, reintroduced the amendment. This time the idea reached farther out and finally in 1972 the amendment passed both houses of congress. Yet the battle was not yet finished. Many opposed the idea of equal rights for woman. In their minds, woman still played the part in the household of the housewife. To think that woman may appear in combat along side them was shocking and unacceptable. As the end of 1979 came, the pro-amendment groups organized a march of 100,000 people in Washington D.C. in July of the year. The Congress gave way to the pressure and extends the deadline, for people to approve of the amendment in, to 1982.

           Meanwhile in the household more and more couples were getting divorces. In the past two people were married for life. To divorce was greatly frowned upon. Some couples stay together for the stake of pride. Not anymore. The concept of divorce was being more excepted by all. Since 1970, to this day, the percent of marriages ending in divorce was raised to 49%. These were the issues that faced men and woman in the 1970's. Some remain to be solved.

Alice Paul
alicepaul.gif
First to propose the Equal Rights Amendment, Alice Paul.

Equal Rights Amendment
Section 1: Eqatuitly of rights under the law shall not be deniled or abrighed by the United States or any state on account of sex.
Section 2: Congress shall have the power to enforce, by apporiate legislation , the provisions of the artical.
Section 3: This amendemt shall take affect two years after the date of ratification.